Why Heart attacks are becoming more now a days

Heart attacks occur when something blocks the flow of blood to your heart. So, it cannot get the oxygen it needs. Without blood, tissue loses oxygen and dies. This blockage is mainly the production of fats, cholesterol, and other substances, which create plaque in the arteries that feed the heart (coronary arteries). Occasionally, a plaque can rupture and form a clot that blocks blood flow. Interrupted blood flow can damage or damage parts of the heart muscle.

A heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction, Heart attacks rate are more in men rather than women. Heart attacks can be fatal, but treatment has improved dramatically over time. Everyone may not come across with all symptoms. it differs from people to people. so, here are some symptoms of heart attack found in different heart patients.

According to a 2016 report by the Global Burden of Disease, 1.7 million Indians died of heart attacks out of 17.3 million deaths worldwide.

SYMPTOMS:

1. Chest pain:

chest pain
chest pain

 If you have a blocked artery or have a heart attack, you may experience chest pain, tension, or stress.

The feeling usually lasts a few minutes. This can happen when you are resting or when you are doing something physical

Also, keep in mind that not having chest pain can also lead to a chest problem or even a heart attack. This is especially true among women.

2. Pain that spreads in the arms:

Another classic symptom of heart attack is pain that spreads to the left side of the body.

3. Vomiting, indigestion, heartburn, or abdominal pain:

abdominal pain
abdominal pain

Some people have this symptom during a heart attack “They can vomit”. Women are more likely to report this type of symptoms.

Of course, there are a number of reasons why your stomach may be upset that has nothing to do with your heart. After all, it could be something you ate. But, you need to be aware that this can happen even during a heart attack.

4. Irregular heartbeats:

Your heart is normal when you are nervous or excited or just drop or add a bit at a time.

But if you feel that your heart is beating for just a few seconds, or if it happens repeatedly, talks to your doctor.

5. A cough that not go away:

In most cases, it is not a symptom of a heart attack. But, if you know you have heart disease or you are in danger, pay special attention to the possibility.

If you have a long-lasting cough that causes a white or pinkish tinge, it can be a sign of a heart attack. When the heart cannot meet the demands of the body, it leaks blood into the lungs.

6. You get tired easily:

You get tired easily
tired

If you suddenly feel tired or have had no problems in the past after doing something – climbing stairs or taking food items from the car – get an appointment with your doctor right away.

7. Sweating:

A fracture in the cold sweat for no apparent reason can signal a heart attack. If any of these symptoms occur with any of the symptoms, try going to the hospital immediately don’t try to drive yourself.

8. Your legs, feet, and legs are swollen:

It can be a sign that your heart is not pumping blood as effectively.

When the heart cannot pump fast enough, the blood vessels swell up in the veins.

Heart failure can make it difficult for the kidneys to remove excess water and sodium from the body, which can lead to swelling.

9. Snoring:

It’s normal to throw a little while you’re moving. But sleep deprivation, which is usually loud snoring that sounds like gas or wheezing, can be a sign of apnea. That’s when you stop breathing for a few moments at night while you’re asleep. It puts extra stress on your heart.

10. Throat or Jaw pain

 Throat or Jaw pain
throat pain

By itself, sore throat or jaw pain may not be related to the heart most likely, it is caused by a muscle problem, a cold, or a sinus problem

But if you have pain or pressure in your chest that spreads to your throat or jaw, it can be a sign of a heart attack. Take medical care to make sure everything is fine.

FIRST AID:

first aid
first aid

1. Aspirin

 If you have a heart attack, it is important that you rest while waiting for an ambulance to avoid unnecessary stress on your heart.

If aspirin is available and you are not allergic to it, chew it slowly while waiting for an ambulance and then swallow an adult-sized tablet (300 mg).

Aspirin helps to thin your blood and improves blood flow in your heart.

2. Chest compression

Using your body weight (not just your arms), press 5 to 6cm directly over the chest.

Repeat this until the ambulance arrives.

Aim to shrink from 100 to 120 in a minute.

TREATMENT:

treatment-heart diagram
heart structure

1. Angioplasty –

This procedure is performed to remove plaque buildup in the blood vessels, which helps to open the blocked arteries with the help of a balloon-shaped device.

2. Stents –

A coronary artery stent is a small, self-expanding, metal mesh tube. After balloon angioplasty, it is placed in a coronary artery. This stent prevents the artery from closing again.

3. Heart Bypass Surgery –

 heart bypass surgery
bypass surgery

This surgery is performed to change the blood flow in the blocked arteries.

4. Heart valve surgery – This is a replacement surgery that is performed to repair or replace a faulty heart valve to effectively pump blood.

5. Heart Transplant –

heart transplant
heart

A heart transplant is considered the last option for treatment. This treatment is only chosen when the heart is severely damaged by a heart attack.

6. Beta-Blockers –

These medications help relax your heart muscle, slow your heartbeat, and lower your blood pressure, which makes your heart work easier. Beta-blockers can limit the amount of heart muscle damage and prevent heart attacks in the future.

7. Thrombolytic –

These drugs, also called clot buster, help clot blood that blocks blood flow in your heart. Earlier you take a thrombolytic drug after a heart attack; you will have a better chance of survival and less damage to the heart.

8. Nitroglycerin-

This medication used to treat chest pain (angina), helps to improve blood flow in the heart by expanding the bloodstream.

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